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New updates released for Java 8, 11, 17, 21, and 22 as of Apr 16 2024: resources and thoughts

It's that time again: there are new JVM updates released today (Apr 16, 2024) for the current long-term support (LTS) releases of Oracle Java, 8, 11, 17, and 21, as well as the new short-term release 22.

TLDR: The new updates are 1.8.0_411 (aka 8u411), 11.0.23, 17.0.11, 21.0.3, and 22.0.1 respectively). Crazy that there are now 5 current Java releases, I realize. More below, including more on each of them including what changed and the security fixes they each contain (including their CVE scores regarding urgency of concerns), offered in Oracle resources I list below. Oracle calls these updates "critical patch updates" (yep, CPU), but they are in fact scheduled quarterly updates, so that "critical" nomenclature may sometimes be a bit overstated. And as is generally the case with these Java updates, most of them have the same changes and fixes across the four JVM versions, though not always.

For some folks, that's all they need to hear. For others, read on.

Whether this your first time updating Java or your fiftieth, there are some things that you may or may not know

Finding more info on these most recent Java updates

As for what changed in the updates, see the technotes for each of 1.8.0_411, 11.0.23, 17.0.11, 21.0.3, and 22.0.1.

These notes have sections on each of "New Features", "Known Issues", "Issues Fixed", "Other notes", and "Bug Fixes"--each as may apply to that specific update, which is why I am not listing all these changes here. See the technote for the update you are considering applying. That said, some changes may indeed be (and typically are) found in all four versions.

Finding more on security matters addressed in these Java updates

As for security fixes included in this update, that's covered elsewhere.

See the single document listing Java security fixes in these most recent updates and the Text Form of Risk Matrix for Oracle Java SE, for this most recent update.

Pay close attention to "notes" offered there for each vulnerability, as that may temper the severity. (Note as well that while both these documents cover ALL Oracle products, I have offered in the previous paragraph links to the Java-specific sections of the pages. Focus on references to "Java SE" rather than any specific to GraalVM, which is not the focus of the discussion in this post.)

Watch also that many times the listed issues indicate that a vulnerability may be "difficult to exploit" and that many "[do] not apply to Java deployments, typically in servers, that load and run only trusted code (e.g., code installed by an administrator)", which may reduce the concern for you about them depending on your perspective.

That said, these documents could also change between now and when you see this post, so it's your responsibility to assess that information carefully. And regardless of whether such vulnerabilities may seem to apply to you, generally folks should seek to keep their JVM updated, or at least avoid falling too far behind.

Obtaining the JVM update, from Oracle

As for obtaining downloads of Java updates, you can find all the current versions on this one page.

But do note that while the top of the page offers the LATEST Java versions (Java 17 and above), you will find Java 11 and 8 offered later down the page.

And while you DO need to sign in there to obtain the Java 11 and 8 download files, an account is free. (The updates for Java 17 and above do NOT require a login on the Oracle site.) All this has to do with licensing of Java--but users of Adobe ColdFusion (my primary audience) should note that Adobe licenses Oracle Java for our use of it with CF. More in another blog post that I discuss below.

Obtaining the JVM update, from Adobe

And since the focus of my blog and work is indeed mostly focused on those using Adobe ColdFusion (coldfusion.com), I will clarify for them that Adobe also offers the Java downloads as well, so that CF users need not log into the Oracle site as discussed above. Sometimes Adobe gets these downloads posted as soon as Oracle releases them, but often it may take some days.

See the CF Downloads page, and its last section offering Java installers, which includes the installers or zip/archive options, for each of Windows, Linux, and MacOS.

That said, as of my posting this today, the Adobe downloads page for CF-related installers does not yet have the downloads for this latest update.

And while some assert that CF folks "must use those from the CF downloads page", every time I've done a binary compare of the files, they have been identical (at least for the identical build number, which may change slightly over time on the Oracle site though not the Adobe site). As this installer includes the Java license, I can't see how anyone could assert that it matters WHERE you get an identical installer.

Other topics you may be interested to know, and where I discuss them

Some readers may find the above so far to have been "a lot to consider" already, but there is indeed far more that you could and should consider before applying a Java update. And for a few years, I would cover such additional topics within this sort of blog post, each time I announced the new JVM update. But I've decided recently to split that off into its own blog entry, and I will point to that instead in each of these such JVM update announcement posts, in order to keep this relatively "brief".

In that other post, I address such issues as :

  • Obtaining and learning still more about available JVM updates
  • What about other JVM distributions besides Oracle?
  • News for my CF audience (which CF versions support what JVM versions, how to apply the update, why you should NOT for now use Java 21 with CF, etc)
  • Should you apply the update? how soon?

Then I cover a few things that you should be aware of if skipping over previous JVM updates:

  • Beware a change in the Jul 2023 JVM update, regarding Zip64ExtraFieldValidation
  • Beware a change in the January 2023 JVM update, regarding a change in how the JDK installer works
  • Beware a change in the October 2022 JVM update, regarding Java no longer trusting jars signed with SHA-1
  • Beware a change in the April 2021 JVM update, regarding calls out to anything running TLS 1.1 or earlier

That post is here: Several things to consider when applying JVM updates.

Wrapping up, getting more help

Finally, feel free to ask questions or raise comments below, or for direct help I offer remote screenshare consulting help, where I am usually able to quickly fix problems (that might take many folks hours to resolve them--if they don't deal with these issues daily like I do in helping people).

For more content like this from Charlie Arehart: Need more help with problems?
  • If you may prefer direct help, rather than digging around here/elsewhere or via comments, he can help via his online consulting services
  • See that page for more on how he can help a) over the web, safely and securely, b) usually very quickly, c) teaching you along the way, and d) with satisfaction guaranteed
Hi, we're new to Lucee (have previously been running on Adobe CF for some time). We've noticed that the JVM Lucee installs with is:

11.0.7 (AdoptOpenJDK) 64bit

That's obviously 4 years old and I was hoping Lucee 6 would move to a more recent one atleast. Do you have a version would you recommend running Lucee on as we're weighing up our options.


# Posted By Chris | 4/17/24 5:57 AM
I'll say first that you can indeed update the jvm Lucee uses, just as you can with CF, though like CF while you can and should strive to be on the latest available UPDATE of whatever major jvm version it supports, you can't switch major jvm versions until they announce what's supported.

And for now, even Lucee 6.x does not yet support Java 17, so that would mean Java 11 for Lucee 6 and 5.

Keep an eye on this system requirements page:


as well as the Lucee forums where this question has come up often (dev.lucee.org).
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